The idea of bread (or in this case matza ) and wine becoming flesh and blood is typically thought of as Christian, and they are symbols used often in Christian ceremonies. In addition, bread and wine are central symbols from the Last Supper, the final meal Jesus shared with his apostles prior to his crucifixion, according to the New Testament.
Matthew 26 describes the meal: "And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and break it; and he gave to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many unto remission of sins."
Frequent use is made in symbols of wine and bread in Christian masses and ceremonies.
Thus some readers saw Brod's article as a nod to the Christian world of references. One, who calls himself Ben Zion Cahana, wrote, "If we're dealing with ignorance and accidentally similar phrasing, so be it. But if [the author] was aware and ignored this similarity, then it's complete idiocy." Later he retracted the word "ignorance."
Brod and other Chabad figures vehemently rejected the allegations, saying the claims might be proof of the critics' own tendencies. Brod told Haaretz these comments expressed "wild associations that say more about the forum's participants, who are apparently immersed in Christian ideology. I, happily, don't have such associations."
"The Lubavitcher rebbe explained many times that by eating this [Messiah] meal the faith in the messiah's coming becomes part of our entity, as the matza and wine become part of our body," Brod said. "This is why I've written about this idea in Talk of the Week about 25 times already. There is not one iota of similarity between that and the Christian ideas. It's simply ignorance coupled with wild imagination and I don't intend to change Judaism because someone has distorted thoughts."
"האדמו"ר החמישי של חב"ד, רבי שלום-דובער, תיקן לשתות בה גם ארבע כוסות יין. הרבי מלובביץ' הסביר פעמים רבות שעל ידי אכילת הסעודה הזאת האמונה בביאת המשיח נעשית חלק מהווייתנו, כמו שהמצה והיין נעשים חלק מגופנו. בעקבותיו כתבתי את הרעיון הזה ב'שיחת השבוע' כבר כנראה 25 פעמים. בין זה ובין המקורות הנוצריים אין ולא קצה קצהו של דמיון. זו פשוט בורות שמתחברת לדמיון פרוע, ואני לא מתכון לשנות את היהדות מפני שלמישהו יש מחשבות מעוותות